Solid Liquid Waste Management
Rural Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Department of RDPR Dept. is the nodal agency for implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) in Karnataka. The process of setting up of the physical infrastructure for collected unsegregated dry waste, storage, segregation and storage after segregation till sale and composting unit, known as Swachcha Sankeerna units/sheds are being facilitated by RDWSD.
Karnataka Panchayat Raj department and Karnataka State Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society (KSRLPS) have been encouraging SHGs to take up Operation & Maintenance contract for end-end management of Solid Liquid Waste in the Gram Panchayats through formalized mechanism created and MoU signed between Gram Panchayat Level Federations (GPLFs) of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Gram Panchayats.
Formal engagement of GPLFs for O & M contract of SWM in GPs was announced during 2021-22 State budget.
Abdul Nazeer Sab State Institute for Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, Mysore (ANSSIRD&PR) and Mahatma Gandhi Institute for Rural Energy and Development (MGIRED) are providing training over 5 days for the GPLFs in understanding the processes involved in Solid waste management, categories of segregation, management of wet and dry waste, domestic hazardous waste, etc.
Training also involve field visits for experiential learning. Additionally, NGOs are being identified in all districts to undergo trainings from ANSSIRD & PR and MGIRED and continue trainings at District level to ensure higher number of GPLFs are trained.
Women from GPLFs are also being given driving skill training and are engaged in driving the Swachchta Vahinis used for collection of waste from source. Enrolled women are given free driving skill training at the district level and the process of obtaining Driving Licenses for these women is being facilitated by Zilla Panchayats.
It is serving the dual purpose of women empowerment and sustainability. In the absence of SWM practice, waste generally would be burnt in the villages, emitting poisonous gasses, or ending up in open spaces, drains, waterways etc. Now the waste is being properly collected and segregated, and revenue is earned from the sale of recyclables and service fee collected from residents and commercial units.
With the introduction of this formal process of O & M contract being given to GPLFs by GPs through an MoU, we have seen heartening examples of empowered women from self-help groups who have taken on the responsibility of managing their community’s waste and striving to convert them into zero-garbage and zero-waste GPs. Some GPs have emerged as lighthouse GPs in this respect given the exemplary work done by SHG groups in this sector.